This custom has become a very important part of the wedding ceremony now but is not mentioned in the Vedas.It probably originates from the Svayamvara practice prevalent in early centuries of the Christian era in India.A classic case in history is the famous story of Prithvi Raj Chauhan and Sanyukta.After this, the bride and groom sit in the mandapa next to each other before a sacred pyre or havan kunda. The bride is given to the groom by her father, or by her grandfather or brother in the absence of her father.This is equivalent of eloping in today's world, and couples whose union is not blessed by families seek refuge in this custom.It is said that the thought of another woman as a wife never occurred to Ramachandra (see Lord Ramachandra of Ayodhya) who is considered the perfect man, and widely worshiped in India, and the devotees (most notably Mahatma Gandhi) try to emulate him.Wedding Traditions An Indian Hindu wedding is strictly observed according to the ancient cultural norms laid down in the Vedas.
The Preparation On the wedding morn the bride and groom are prepared for the final plunge, amids joy and festivities by the many members of the family.The ceremony end with the couple seeking the blessing of the elders and are greeted by all present.The bride is than ritually sent off to her new family, in certain customs at this point the brides undergoes a name change as a symbol of shedding her old ties and adorning her new family.Symbol of Marriage In the north and east India, the ritual of applying vermilion powder, to the parting of the bride's hair signifies the culmination of the wedding.
The groom uses his wedding ring dipped in vermilion powder to trace a line from the start of his brides hairline to the crown of her head.
When the bride arrives at her new home, she is ritually welcomed by her mother-in-law and she is ceremonially ushered into the house.