Ada accommodating people with drug problems

For example, congenital, lifelong disability (e.g., those manifested in the prenatal, perinatal, or neonatal period) can be compared to disability that is acquired at a later stage of development due to accident, illness, injury, or gradually/developmentally manifested disorders.Onset also includes the factors of acute (sudden) or gradual appearance of the disabling condition.The Americans with Disabilities Act has increased the responsibility of alcoholism treatment programs to accommodate individuals with disabilities, but many individuals with a disability do not get needed alcoholism treatment (de Miranda, 1999; Di Nitto & Webb, 1998; Moore, 1998; National Association on Alcohol, Drugs and Disability, 1999; Wolkstein, 2002).Social workers and others in the helping professions generally receive little education about disabilities, and even less about individuals with co-occurring disabilities and alcohol problems.Smart (2001) notes that, "it is not disability itself, but the meaning that the individual ascribes to the disability that will determine the response to the disability," and this construction may change over time (p. Some responses are more positive or adaptive than others.For example, an individual who acquires a disability may proceed to develop new interests, learn new skills, and become active in disability rights/advocacy movements.

These disability areas have received the most attention in the alcoholism literature.Unfortunately, these individuals are also easily influenced and vulnerable to exploitation (Pack, Wallander, & Browne, 1998; Sobsey, 1994).They can benefit from instruction on how to avoid alcohol problems.Individuals with disabilities may be overprotected and restricted from normal life experiences, or denied employment and opportunities for social interaction.